Planetary nebulae with binary central stars

A sortable table of post-CE binary PNe. Click on the header to resort!
Key:
Irr: Irradiation/reflection effect
Ecl: Eclipsing
Ell: Ellipsoidal modulation
DB: Doppler beaming

SB1: Single-lined spectroscopic binary
SB2: Double-lined spectroscopic binary
C: Composite spectrum

B: Bipolar
E: Elliptical
I: Irregular
MS: Multiple shells

* denotes that the object was published as a binary but has since been listed as uncertain and in need of further study by Miszalski et al. (2011)

All coordinates are J2000. Changes and/or additions can be requested by email to PlaN-B

Last updated 11th April 2017


PN RA Dec Period (days) Phot. type Spectroscopy Morphology Ring Jets Filaments References
HFG 1 03:03:47.0 64:54:35 0.583 Irr SB2 I N N Y Exter et al. (2005)
GK Per 03:31:11.8 43:54:17 2 - SB1 I N N ? Bode et al. (1987)
NGC 1360 03:33:14.6 -25:52:18 142 - SB1 I Y N Y Miszalski et al. (2017)
PM 1-23 06:54:13.4 -10:45:38 0.63 or 1.26 Ell? ? E N N N Hajduk et al. (2010), Miszalski et al. (2017)
NGC 2346 07:09:22.5 -00:48:24 15.99 - SB1 B Y N N Mendez & Niemela (1981)
Hen 2-11 08:37:08.3 -39:25:06 0.609 Ecl, Irr - B ? N Y Jones et al. (2014)
K 1-2 08:57:45.9 -28:57:36 0.676 Irr SB1 I ? ? Y Exter et al. (2003)
DS 1 10:54:40.6 -48:47:03 0.357 Irr SB2 I - - - Drilling (1985), Kilkenny et al. (1988), Hilditch et al. (1996)
Fg 1 11:28:36.2 -52:56:05 1.195 N SB1 B Y Y Y Boffin et al. (2012)
TS01 11:53:24.7 59:39:37 0.163 Ell SB1 - - - - Tovmassian et al. (2004)
BE Uma / LTNF 1 11:57:44.8 48:56:19 2.29 Ecl SB1 B - - - Ferguson et al. (1999), Shimanskii et al. (2008)
NGC 5189 13:33:32.9 -65:58:27 4.04 - SB1 B Y - Y Manick et al. (2015)
MPA J1508-6455 15:08:06.5 -64:55:40 12.50 Irr - E - - - Miszalski et al. (2010)
Sp 1 15:51:40.9 -51:31:28 2.91 Irr SB2 B - - - Jones et al. (2012), Hillwig et al. (2016)
NGC 6026 16:01:21.1 -34:32:37 0.528 Ell SB1 I - - ? Hillwig et al. (2010)
ESO 330-9 16:02:20.2 -41:27:11 0.296 Irr SB1 I - - - Hillwig et al. (2016)
Hen 2-155 16:19:23.2 -42:15:37 0.148 Ecl,Irr SB1 B N Y Y Jones et al. (2015)
Hen 2-161 16:24:37.8 -53:22:34 ~1 Irr - B Y - - Jones et al. (2015)
HaTr 4 16:45:00.2 -51:12:20 1.74 Irr - B Y - - Tyndall et al. (2012), Hillwig et al. (2016)
NGC6326 17:20:46.3 -51:45:15 0.37 Irr - I - Y Y Miszalski et al. (2011)
NGC 6337 17:22:15.7 -38:29:03 0.173 Irr SB1 B Y Y Y Hillwig et al. (2016)
Th 3-15 17:27:10.7 -27:43:59 0.151 Ell - - - - - Soszynski et al. (2015)
Abell 41 17:29:02.0 -15:13:04 0.226 Ell SB2 B Y - - Jones et al. (2010)
Lo 16 17:35:41.9 -40:11:27 0.49 Irr - B - - - Frew et al. (in prep.)
*PHR J1744-3355 17:44:27.9 -33:55:20 8.234 I - B - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
Pe 1-9 17:45:36.9 -23:02:27 0.140 Ecl, Irr - MS - - Y Miszalski et al. (2009)
PPA J1747-3435 17:47:08.3 -34:35:43 0.225 Irr - I - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
Hen 2-283 17:47:49.4 -34:08:05 1.128 Irr - B - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
Sab 41 17:48:16.3 -35:38:31 0.297 Irr - B Y Y Y Miszalski et al. (2009)
JaSt 66 17:49:22.2 -29:59:27 0.276 Ell - - - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
Bl 3-15 17:52:35.9 -29:06:39 0.270 Ell - B - Y - Miszalski et al. (2009)
M 3-16 17:52:46.0 -30:49:34 0.574 Ecl, Ell - I - Y Y Miszalski et al. (2009)
H 2-29 17:53:16.8 -32:40:39 0.244 Ecl, Irr - B Y - Y Miszalski et al. (2009)
M 2-19 17:53:45.6 -29:43:46 0.670 Ell - B Y - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
HaTr 7 17:54:09.4 -60:49:58 0.322 Irr SB2 I - - - Hillwig et al. (2016)
K 6-34 17:54:41.1 -31:31:43 0.20 Ell - MS, B Y - Y Miszalski et al. (2009)
PHR J1756-3342 17:56:39.5 -33:42:31 0.266 Irr - B - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
PHR J1757-2824 17:57:42.2 -28:24:07 0.799 Ecl, I - B - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
PHR J1759-2915 17:59:02.8 -29:15:01 1.103 Ecl - B - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
MPA J1759-3007 17:59:15.6 -30:02:47 0.503 Ell - E - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
PPA J1759-2834 17:59:52.6 -28:34:47 0.305 Irr - B - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
BMP J1800-3407 18:00:26.5 -34:07:49 0.145 Ecl, Irr - I - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
PHR J1801-2947 18:01:13.4 -29:47:00 0.316 Irr - B - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
M 1-34 18:01:22.2 -33:17:43 - Ecl - B Y - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
*PHR J1801-2718 18:01:24.4 -27:18:09 0.322 Irr - E - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
*PHR J1804-2913 18:04:28.5 -29:13:57 6.660 Irr - MS - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
*PHR J1804-2645 18:04:59.5 -26:45:17 0.625 Ecl - B - - - Miszalski et al. (2009)
Abell 46 18:31:18.3 26:56:13 0.472 Ecl, Irr SB2 I - - - Pollacco & Bell (1994), Afsar & Ibanoglu (2008)
Hf 2-2 18:31:30.9 -28:43:20 0.399 Irr - MS, B - - - Hillwig et al. (2016)
Hen 2-428 19:13:05.2 15:46:40 0.176 Ecl, Ell SB2 B Y - - Santander-Garcia et al. (2015)
ETHOS 1 19:16:31.5 36:09:48 0.53 Irr - B - Y - Miszalski et al. (2011)
NGC 6778 19:18:24.9 -01:35:47 0.15 Ecl, Irr - B ? Y Y Miszalski et al. (2011)
Pa 5 19:19:30.5 44:45:43 1.12 Irr? - B? Y? N Y? De Marco et al. (2015)
2MASS J19310888+4324577 19:31:08.9 43:24:58 2.928 DB, Ell SB1 B, MS? Y N Y? De Marco et al. (2015), Aller et al. (2013)
Abell 63 19:42:10.4 17:05:14 0.456 Ecl,Irr SB2 B - Y - Pollacco et al. (1994), Afsar & Ibanoglu (2008)
The Necklace 19:43:59.5 17:09:01 1.16 Irr - B Y Y Y Corradi et al. (2011), Miszalski et al. (2013)
Abell 65 19:46:34.2 -23:08:13 1 Irr SB1 MS, B - - - Huckvale et al. (2013); Hillwig et al. (2015)
V 458 Vul 19:54:24.3 20:52:47 0.068 - SB1 I - - - Rodriguez-Gil et al. (2010)
Ou 5 21:14:20.0 43:41:36 0.364 Ecl, Irr - B Y? Y? N Corradi et al. (2014)

Composite spectra with no variability (may include some symbiotics)

PN RA Dec Secondary spectral type Morphology Rings Jets Filaments References
Hen 2-36 09:43:25.6 -57:16:56 A2 II B? - - - Méndez (1978)
NGC 3132 10:07:01.8 -40:26:11 A0 V I, B? - - - Ciardullo et al. (1999)
Hen 2-172 16:37:42.7 -55:42:27 A(2-3/7-8) II - - - - Pereira et al. (2010)
Me 1-1 19:39:09.8 15:56:48 K(1-2) II B - - - Pereira et al. (2008)

Long period binaries

PN RA Dec S-process enriched? Rotation period (days) Orbital period (days) Spectroscopy Morphology Rings Jets Filaments References
WeBo 1 02:40:14.4 -61:09:17 Y 4.7 - C B? Y - - Bond et al. (2003), Siegel et al. (2012)
NGC 1514 04:09:17.0 30:46:34 N - 3306 SB2 Irr, B Y - - Jones et al. (2017)
LoTr 1 05:55:06.7 -22:54:02 N 6.5 - C MS, B - - - Tyndall et al. (2013)
Hen 2-39 10:03:49.2 -60:43:48 Y 5.5 - C MS, B/E Y - Y Miszalski et al. (2013)
LoTr 5 12:55:33.7 25:53:31 Y 5.9 2717 SB1 B - - - Jones et al. (2017)
BD+33 2642 15:51:59.9 32:56:54 - - 1105 SB1 E - - - van Winckel et al. (2014)
K 1-6 20:04:14.2 74:25:36 - 21.3? - C Irr - - - Frew et al. (2011)
Abell 70 20:31:33.2 -07:05:18 Y - - C B/E Y - Y Miszalski et al. (2012)

Binaries detected by I- or J-band excess

PN RA Dec I-band excess J-band excess References Comments
Abell 7 05:03:07.5 -15:36:23 N Y De Marco et al. (2013) red-dwarf companion 0.91 arcseconds away from the central star (Ciardullo et al. 1999) resolved by HST, Frew (2008) determined a spectral type of M4V
Abell 16 06:43:55.5 61:47:25 Y - De Marco et al. (2013)
Abell 28 08:42:35.6 58:13:48 Y N Douchin et al. (2015) Later than M4 companion
Abell 31 08:54:13.2 08:53:53 N Y De Marco et al. (2013) M4V companion, in agreement with Frew (2008), and Ciardullo et al. (1999), who used the HST to determine a separation of 0.26 arcsec for a companion with spectral type later than M4V
Abell 39 16:27:33.7 27:54:33 Y Y Douchin et al. (2015) Later than M3/4 companion
Abell 57 19:17:05.7 25:37:33 Y - De Marco et al. (2013) K3V companion may have contributed in the V band, EGB 6-like central star (Miszalski et al. 2011)
Abell 79 22:26:17.3 54:49:38 Y Y De Marco et al. (2013) cool spectral type (Rodriguez et al.2001), de-reddened excessively, the determined companion spectral type (F6V from I band photometry and G7V from J band measurements) are redder/fainter than the one that was determined from spectroscopy (G0V) by Rodríguez et al. (2001)
HaWe 10 07:55:11.3 09:33:09.2 Y N Douchin et al. (2015) Later than M3 companion
Hf 38 10:54:35.4 -59:09:47.3 Y N Barker (2016) M0V companion
JnEr 1 07:57:51.6 53:25:17 Y N Douchin et al. (2015) Later than M4 companion
NGC 3587 / M97 11:14:47.7 55:01:09 Y N Douchin et al. (2015) Later than M3 companion
NGC 6058 16:04:26.6 40:40:59 Y Y Douchin et al. (2015) Later than G4 companion
NGC 6781 19:18:28.1 06:32:19 Y Y Douchin et al. (2015) M3/4 companion
SkAc 1 14:16:21.9 13:52:24 Y Y Douchin et al. (2015) M4/5 companion
TK 1 08:27:05.5 31:30:09 Y N Douchin et al. (2015) Later than M3 companion
WeDe 1 05:59:24.9 10:41:40 Y N Douchin et al. (2015) Later than M5 companion
We 2-34 07:00:28.4 04:20:30 Y Douchin et al. (2015) M3 companion
Jacoby 1 15:21:46.6 52:22:04 Y Y Douchin et al. (2015) Later than M3/5 companion
DeHt 5 22:19:33.7 70:56:03 N Y De Marco et al. (2013) DHW5, probably HII region, 1 epoch only
EGB 1 01:07:07.6 73:33:23 Y Y De Marco et al. (2013) Off-centre central star, R-I => no Wdcomp
EGB 6 09:52:59.0 13:44:35 Y Y De Marco et al. (2013), Douchin et al. (2015) Excesses predict a later than M4 companion. Zuckerman et al. (1991) found near-IR evidence for a probable red dwarf companion, confirmed by Fulbright & Liebert, The companion has been imaged with HST (see Bond et al. 1993 and Bond 1994) at a projected separation of 0.18′′, unresolved emission nebula corresponds in position to the red dwarf and not the central star (Bond 1994), suggesting there may be a small disk of material around the cool companion.
HDW 4 05:37:56.2 55:32:16 Y - De Marco et al. (2013) HaWe6,probably HII region, 1 epoch only
FP J1824-0319 18:24:40.8 -03:19:59.6 Y Y Douchin et al. (2015) Later than M4 companion
NGC 6853 19:59:36.3 22:43:16 N Y De Marco et al. (2013) M27
Sh 2-78 19:03:10.1 14:06:59 Y - De Marco et al. (2013)
Sh 2-176 00:31:53.3 57:22:49 Y - De Marco et al. (2013)
Sh 2-188 01:30:33.2 58:24:50 Y - De Marco et al. (2013)

Visual binaries

PN RA Dec Separation (AU) Distance (kpc) Nebula Diam. (pc) PNN M_v Reference
A31 08:54:13.2 08:53:53 <115 <0.44 <2.09 <7.29 Ciardullo et al. (1999)
A33 09:39:09.1 -02:48:32 2110 1.16 1.52 5.71 Ciardullo et al. (1999)
EGB 6 09:52:59.0 13:44:35 96 0.58 ? 7.7 Liebert et al. (2013)
K1-14 17:42:36.8 21:27:03 1080 3 0.68 3.66 Ciardullo et al. (1999)
K1-22 11:26:43.8 -34:22:11 470 1.33 1.16 5.96 Ciardullo et al. (1999)
K1-27 05:57:02.2 -75:40:23 260 0.47 0.1 7.61 Ciardullo et al. (1999)
Mz 2 16:14:32.4 -54:57:04 600 2.16 0.24 4.54 Ciardullo et al. (1999)
NGC1535 04:14:15.8 -12:44:22 2400 2.31 0.23 0.1 Ciardullo et al. (1999)
NGC3132 10:07:01.8 -40:26:11 1310 0.77 0.11 5.87 Ciardullo et al. (1999)
NGC7008 21:00:32.5 54:32:36 160 0.37 0.15 4.56 Ciardullo et al. (1999)
Sp3 18:07:15.8 -51:01:10 740 2.38 0.41 0.8 Ciardullo et al. (1999)
NGC 6818 19:43:58.0 -14:09:13 >150 1.0-1.5 ? 17-18 Benetti et al. (2003)

Possible PNe

PN RA Dec Period (days) Phot. type Spectroscopy Morphology Ring Jets Filaments References
Te 11 05:45:58.2 02:21:06 0.12 Ecl, Ell - I - - - Miszalski et al. (2016) Drake et al. (2014)
EGB 5 08:11:12.8 10:57:17 16.537 - SB1 - - - - Geier et al. (2011)
Sh 2-71 19:02:00.3 -02:09:11 17.2 Ecl SB1 I N N Y Mocnik et al. (2015)

Visual Triples

PN RA Dec Separation (AU) Distance (kpc) Nebula Diam. (pc) Reference
NGC 246 00:47:03.3 -11:52:19 500, 2000 0.51 0.53 Mugrauer et al. (2014)

Unlikely Trinaries - Main sequence binaries in chance projections

PN RA Dec MS binary period (days) Morphology Ring Jets Filaments References
SuWt 2 13:55:43.2 -59:22:40 4.9 B Y - - Jones & Boffin (2017)
M 3-2 07:14:49.9 -27:50:23 ? B Y - - Boffin et al. (in prep.)

Photometric non-detections

PN RA Dec Band Level of confirmed non-variability Obervers/Reference
Principe de Asturias 01:25:07.9 63:56:52 I 0.07 Jones (2011)
Abell 47 18:35:22.6 -00:13:51 I 0.05 Jones (2011)
K 3-36 19:32:39.6 07:27:52 I 0.07 Jones (2011)
PM 1-333 21:40:59.1 58:58:37 I 0.1 Jones (2011)